Glossary of Karate Terms

Age - Rising
Ashi - Foot Leg
Ashi-Barai - Foot Sweep
Ashi-Sabaki - Foot Movement, Foot-work
Ate - Hitting
Ate-Waza - Hitting Techniques
Atemi - Striking at vital points (Kyusho)
Atemi-Jutsu - Art of attacking vital points
Atemi-Waza - Vital point attacking techniques
Barai - Sweep
Bisen - Bridge of nose
Bite - Head of nose
Bo Long - quarter staff used as a weapon, made
of oak wood
Budo - “Martial Arts” - “Way of the Warrior”
Bujutsu - Martial Arts techniques
Buki-Ho - Weapons training
Chikara Kurabe - Early Japanese Fighting System
Ch’uan Fa’ - Way of the Fist (Kempo in Japanese)
Chudan - Middle Level
Dachi - Stance
Dan “Man” - Black-belt grade
Do - The Way
Dojo - The Way Place, Training Hall
Dojo-Kun - School Principles, Rules
Ekku - Weapon made from fisherman’s oar - use
as a staff or spear
Empi - Elbow
Fumikomi - Stamping
Furi - Swinging
Fushito - Outside of thigh
Gaeshi - Twist
Ganka - Chest
Gankyu - Eyeballs
Gedan - Lower Level
Geri - Kick
Gohon - Five (Techniques, Ways etc)
Goshin-Budo - Defence Martial Arts
Goshin-Jutsu - Art of Self Defence
Gyaku - Reverse
Hachij - Figure “Eight”
Haishu - Back of hand
Haito - Ridge of hand
Hajime - Begin
Hara - Stomach Energy Centre
Hato Mune - Sternum
Hichu - Notch on Neck
Hidari - Left
Hiji - Elbow
Hirabasami - “Claw-hand”
Hirate - Inside of the hand
Hitai - Forehand
Hiza - Knee
Hiza-Geri - Knee Kick
Hiza-Tsubomi - Back of Knee
Inazuma - Side of Stomach
Ippon One - (Technique or point)
Ippon-Ken One - Finger Knuckle-fist
Jodan - Upper level
Jogaku - Upper Part of Jaw
Jokyu - Advanced
Jokyu-Renraku-Waza - Advanced Combination Techniques
Jutsu - Art of; Combat application
Ka Fuku Bu - Lower Abdomen
Kagaku - Lower part of Jaw
Kama - Reaping Sickle
Kamae - Guard, posture
Kamae-Kata - Fighting Stance
Kassatsu - The Spine
Kasumi - Temple
Kata - Shoulder, Form
Keichu - Back of Neck
Keido Myaku - Jugular Vein
Kempo - “Way of the Fist”
Ken - Fist, Sword
Ken - Tendon
Ken-Jutsu - The Art of Combative Swordmanship
Kenteki - Testicles
Kibi - Tip of Spine
Kihon - Basic
Kihon-Furi-Uchi-Waza - Basic Swinging Strike Techniques
Kihon-Furi-Uke-Waza - Basic Swinging Block Techniques
Kihon-Renraku-Waza - Basic Combination
Techniques
Kihon-Uchi-Waza - Basic Striking Techniques
Kihon-Uke-Waza - Basic Blocking Techniques
Kinniku - Muscle
Kobudo - “Ancient Martial Arts Ways”
Kobu-Jutsu - (See Kobudo)
Kodenko - Base of Spine
Kokei - Tibia
Kokotsu - Shin Bone
Komikami - Temple
Kori - Instep
Kote - Forearm, Wrist
Kote-Gaeshi - Outside Wrist-twist
Kote-Jime - Wrist Lock
Kote-Uchi - Forearm/Wrist Strike
Kotobu - Rear of Head
Kubi - Neck
Kuchi - Mouth
Kuchibiru - Lip
Kumitachi - Partnerwork
Kurubushi - Ankle
Kusarigama - Japanese Version of Kama - Reaping Sickle with Chain
Kyoei - Spot between 5-6 ribs
Kyototsu - Base of Sternum
Kyu - “Boy”, Grades below Black-Belt
Kyu-Jutsu - The Art of Combative Archery
Kyusho - Vital Points
Maai - Distance
Mae - Front
Makiwara - Wooden Striking Post
Mawashi - Roundhouse
Mawatte - Turn
Me - Eyes
Migi - Right
Mikazuki - Front of Jaw, Crescent
Mimi - Ears
Miten - Bridge of Nose
Mizo Ochi - Solar Plexus
Momo - Thigh
Morote - Double Handed
Mudansha - Non Black-Belt
Mune - Chest
Musabidachi - Attention Stance
Myojo - Lower Abdomen, below navel
Naginata - Japanese Weapon; a Blade mounted on a Long Staff
Nodo Botoke - Adam’s Apple
Nogo - Throat
Nukite - “Spearhand”
Nunchaku - Rice-Flail
Obi - Belt
Okinawa - The Main Island of the Ryukyu Archipelago
Okinawa-Te - “Empty Hand” Martial Art of the Ryukyu Islands
Oroshi - Downward
Oroshi-Furi-Uchi - Downward Swinging Strike
Oroshi-Furi-Uke - Downward Swinging Block
Oroshi-Mae-Furi-Uchi - Downward Front Swinging Strike - “Uraken”
Oroshi-Mawashi-Furi-Uchi - Downward Diagonal Swinging - Strike
Oroshi-Mawashi-Furi-Uke - Downward Diagonal Swinging - Block
Oroshi-Soto-Furi-Uchi - Downward Outward Swinging Strike
Oroshi-Soto-Furi-Uke - Downward Outward Swinging Block
Oroshi-Uchi - Downward Strike
Oroshi-Uke - Downward Block
Osae - Pressing
Osae-Uchi - Pressing Strike
Osae-Uke - Pressing Block
Otoshi - Dropping
PR24 Modern version of Tonfa - used by Law Enforcement Agencies
Reishiki - Etiquette
Renraku - Combination
Renraku-Waza - Combination Techniques
Rokkotsu - Ribs
Ryojikou - Kabotoke Mastoid
Ryu - School, Style
Ryukyu - Name of “Rope-like” string of islands South West of Japan
Sabaki - Movement
Sai - Weapon which looks like a Trident, used in close combat
Sagi - Heron Crane
Sagi-Ashi-Dachi - Heron Crane Stance
Sagi-Ashi-Oroshi-Furi-Uke - Downward Swinging Block in Crane-stance
Sebone - Spine
Seidon - Areas below and above eyes
Seiken - Straight Fist, Normal Fist
Seiken-Zuki - Normal, Straight Thrust-punch
Seishokuki - Genitals
Senaka - Back
Shigetsu - Solar Plexus
Shihan - High Ranking Coach
Shinkei Keito - Nervous System
Shinzo - Heart
Shiri - Hip
Shitsuto - Knee-cap
Shofu - Side of Neck
Shuto-Uchi - Knifehand Strike
Shuto-Uke - Knifehand Block
Shomen - Place of Honour, Front, Head
Shotei - Palm-heel
Shuto - Knife hand, Knife-edge
Shuto-Uchi - Knife hand Strike
Shuto-Uke - Knife hand Block
Sobi - Lower part of calf muscle
Soda - Spot between shoulder blades
Sokumen S- ide of the face
Sonu - Top of Sternum
Soto - Outward
Soto-Furi-Uchi - Outward Swinging Strike
Soto-Furi-Uke - Outward Swinging Block
Soto-uke - Outward Block
Sukui - Scooping
Tekkan-Zu (J) - Metal rings used to strike vital points
Tekki (OK) - Spiked metal knuckledusters
Tekubi - Wrist
Tendo - Top of head, crown
Tento - Frontal area
Tessen - Metal fan used as a weapon
Tettsui - Hammer fist
Tettsui-Uchi - Hammer fist Strike
Tobikomi - Jumping
Tobokomi-Zuki - Snap Punch, Jumping Thrust Punch
Tonfa/Toifa - Millstone handle
Tonfa-Jutsu - Combative use of the millstone handle
Tori - Hold, attacker
Uchi - Strike, inward
Uchi-waza - Striking Techniques
Ude - Forearm
Ude - Kansetsu Forearm joint
Uke - Block, defender
Uke-Waza - Blocking Techniques
Uraken - Backfist
Ushiro - Backward, rear
Ushiro - Inazuma Spot below buttocks
Waki No Shita - Armpit
Wanshun - Back of upper arm
Washite - “Eagle Hand” Strike
Waza - Technique
Yabusame - Mounted archery
Yoko - Sideward
Yoko-Furi-Uchi - Sideward Swinging Strike
Yoko-Kote-Gaeshi - Sideward Wrist Flip
Yudansha - Black belt holder
Zanshin - Awareness, perfect completion
Zarei - Seated bow
Zazen - Japanese seated meditation
Zenkutsu - Forward
Zuki - Thrusting Punch
Zuki-Uchi - Thrusting Strike

Kyusho Glossary

Ago - Chin, jawbone
Ashi - Leg
Atama - Head
Bisen - Bridge of nose
Bitei - Coccyx
Bito - Head of nose
Chibusa - Breast
Chusoku - Sole
Danchu - Top of Sternum, pit of neck
Denko - 7th - 8th Rib
Dokko - Mastoid process
Empi - Elbow
Erikubi - “Collar Beck”, side of neck
Fukuto - Outside of upper thigh
Fushito - Outside of thigh
Ganka - Chest
Gankyu/Gansei - Eyeballs/Eyeball
Ganshu - Under each nipple
Gawa - Side
Gekon - Beneath lower lip
Haishu - Back of hand
Haisoku - Instep
Hana - Nose
Hara - Abdominal Life/Death Centre
Hatomune - Sternum
Hichu - Adam’s Apple
Hifu - Skin
Hiji - Elbow
Hijizume - Elbow joint
Hirate - Inside of hand
Hitai - Forehead
Hiza - Knee
Hizakansetsu - Knee Joint
Hizatsubomi - Back of Knee
Hone - Bone
I - Stomach
Inazuma - Side of Stomach
Jinchu - Base of Nose
Jogaku - Upper Part of Jaw
Junzo - Kidneys
Ka Fuku Bu - Lower Abdomen
Kagaku - Lower Part of Jaw
Kao - Face
Kassatsu - Spine
Kasumi - Temples
Kata - Shoulder
Katsusatsu - Spot between 5th - 6th Vertebrae
Keichu - Nape of neck, base of skull
Keido Myaku - Jugular vein
Ken - Tendon
Kenteki - Testicles, groin
Kibi - Tip of spine
Kinniku - Muscle
Kodenko - Base of Spine
Kokei - Tibia bone
Kokotsu - Shin bone
Komikami - Temple
Kori - Instep
Kote - Wrist, Forearm
Kotobu - Rear of Head
Kubi - Neck
Kuchi - Mouth
Kuchibiru - Lip
Kurubushi - Ankle
Kyoei - Spot between 5-6 ribs
Kyototsu - Base of sternum
Me - Eyes
Mikazuki - Front of Jaw
Mimi - Ears
Miten - Bridge of Nose
Momo - Thigh
Mune - Chest
Myojo - Lower abdomen, below navel
Nodo - Throat
Nodo Botoke - Adam’s Apple
Oyayubi - Thumb
Rokkotsu - Ribs
Ryojikou Kabotoke - Mastoid
Sebone - Spine
Seidon - Areas below + eyes
Seishokuki - Genitals
Senaka - Back
Shigetsu Solar Plexus
Shinkei Keito Nervous system
Shinzo - Heart
Shiri - Hip
Shitsuto - Knee cap
Shofu - Side of Neck
Shotei - Palm of Hand
Sobi - Lower part of calf muscle
Soda - Spot between shoulder blades
Sokumen - Side of face
Sonu - Top of Sternum
Tekubi - Wrist
Tendo - Top of head, crown
Tento - Frontal Area
Ude - Forearm
Ude Kansetsu - Forearm Joint
Ushiro Inazuma - Spot below buttocks
Waki no shita - Armpit
Wanshun - Back of upper arm
Yako - Inside of upper thigh

Announcements

Map of Tanbridge School

Forthcoming Events

May 7th
S.E.M.K.A. Black Belt and 1st Kyu Standardisation Course.

May 14th
Inside Kata Course - with Sensei Swift

 

 

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